Saturday, August 21, 2021

Gandhar style is an elegant combination of Indian and Greek art

  Gandhar style is an elegant combination of Indian and Greek art



The original stupa of Sanchi, built in the Mauryan era, was actually half the size of the existing stupa of bricks and mortar. This is an invaluable heritage of Buddhist stupa architecture. Apart from this, the Dharmarajika Stupa of Sarnath, the soup found near Jaipur and the Stupa of Nandangarh near Loria are also famous. Harmika: The railing (fence) around the top of the oval part of the stupa is called 'Harmika', which covers the entire stupa.  Medhi: The high circular road formed around the stupa is called 'Medhi'.

 It is used for circumambulation around the stupa.  Pradakshina Path: A circular road of normal height built around a temple or place of worship is called 'Pradakshina Path'. As always - the jags stay on the right side of the holy place, that way the place is circumnavigated.  Toran: Toran is a beautiful architecture with two pillars erected straight in the shape of a stone or arch. Devotees can enter through the toran. The pillars were carved out of a single stone.  It has been rubbed and given such a nice gloss that it looks like it is made of shiny metal. Such pillars were erected near Ambala, Meerut, Allahabad, Sarnath, Loria, Nandangarh (Bihar), Sanchi (Central India), Kashi, Patna and Bodhi Gaya.

 The columns carved in Brahmi script are made of limestone or sandstone.  Sarnath's pillar is the finest specimen of sculpture. At the top of this column are four lions standing side by side. Is the figure. Since Sarnath is the place of Buddha's teachings (Dharmachakra Pravartan.

The four Dharmachakras are engraved around the lions. This 24-wheel Dharmachakra is also enshrined in the National Flag of India. Art of the Anumaurya era: During this time foreign powers like Greek, Saka, Kushan came to India, as well as Indian powers like Shrung, Kanava, Satavahana came into existence in the political arena.  In all of this, Emperor Kanishka, Pushyamitra Shringa, Greek King Minendra, Saka Kshatrap Rajvi Rudradaman, etc. made significant contributions to the development of various arts. These religions promoted art through the construction of temples and statues. The Gandhara style became famous due to the influence of foreigners (especially Greeks) on Indian art.  

Wednesday, August 18, 2021

Rangoli is captivating and inspires beauty as well as peace

   Rangoli is captivating and inspires beauty as well as peace and creativity



Rangoli are decorated.  It is customary to draw rangoli through different objects on different occasions.  Flower rangoli can be seen in many temples spreading beauty and fragrant aroma.  Rangoli inspires enthusiasm in the human mind.  Rangoli is captivating and inspires beauty as well as peace and creativity in the mind of the beholder. Rangoli is also known as 'Alpana'.  The word is more prevalent for rangoli in Maharashtra. common practice to fill rangoli with steps, swastikas, mangoes, flowers, circles, velbutta, geometric shapes, peacocks, elephants, lamps, lotuses, roses, peacock feathers, conch shells and various leaf figures. 

 In addition to colors, rangoli also uses a variety of items such as grains, sand, gravel, leaves, flowers, wooden bears, various oysters, and colorful stones.  Before using Rangoli in education, let us try to understand its various parts so that the use of Rangoli is successful in teaching. (B). Different parts of rangoli: For rangoli it is necessary to understand the following five main parts: (1) Asana (2).  Boundary (3) Background [15] 5.  (4) Shapes and symbols (5) Coloring and writing (1) Asanas: The empty space for drawing rangoli is known as asanas. 

 A spot is determined by smearing, rubbing, or whitewashing the area.  In earlier times, this place was properly smeared with cow dung and rangoli was made by smearing it.  Shri Bansidhar Shukla has mentioned in his Prasnika Encyclopedia that the word Alimpan came from Limpan and the word Alpana came from it. The order of drawing rangoli by deciding such a place in the courtyard is still there today.  Patlo, bajath, stone, thali, shilakhand. 

Rangoli can also be made in education by making drama and art puppets and special wooden seats.  This way there is also flexibility in carrying rangoli from one place to another.  As such, the asanas can be of different types.  There is no set rule for asanas for making rangoli, but the rangoli can last a long time if the part is not rough or bumpy, does not fit in the foot or between the feet and is protected from wind, children and animals. In addition, the flexibility of the person doing the rangoli is also taken into consideration while deciding the seat of such rangoli.  

When there is a very large rangoli, many people work to add color to it. At that time it is desirable to have space on all four sides.  In the same way, the color of this place is also very dark and more color is used to fill the rangoli. Many such aspects should be considered. The place for rangoli in the school should be chosen in such a way that it is safe and visible so that people can see it and also save the rangoli.  

Border: In realizing the specific boundary in Rangoli Comes, in which the border of the whole rangoli gives a different lift to the rangoli, the borders of the rangoli give more lift to those who are of different colors especially dark colors. In addition to this, a nice border is taken to separate the shapes drawn in the rangoli, sometimes instead of giving a border to all the shapes of the rangoli, certain certain shapes are given a shade.  In the same way some special message is written in some rangoli.  

These characters can be taken as beautiful ray ma, curve line in border, dotted line, dots, swastika or even such symbols, but that work requires a lot of skill K) ss w school rangoli.  Can be drawn by giving a direct border.  And when the time is too long use the rope for the border! To draw the lines

Mohen-jo-dado Among the towns found in the Harappan culture

   Mohen-jo-dado Among the towns found in the Harappan culture



 Town Planning of Ancient India : India has been an expert in town planning since ancient times, we can consider Dholavira. This is bigger than the archeological excavations, the best example of which we have come to the town light in Khadirbet of Bhachau taluka of Kutch.  The town has three main divisions. The citadel of the ruling officers (Citadel). The upper town which houses the residences of other officials. It is protected by strong walls all around. It has four main doors. The upper town also has defensive walls. Houses with two to five rooms have also been found here. The lower town houses are mainly made of hand-made bricks.

 A large bead factory has also been found here. Numerous specimens of pierced pearls and beads have been found, indicating the productivity of the area. From the ruins obtained from here, this town is considered to be a major center of trade and commerce in ancient times. Remains found here mainly include copper smelters, various implements, conch as well as metal bracelets, various types of beads, rings, gold ornaments, etc. Mohen-jo-dado Among the towns found in the Harappan culture, Mohen-jo-dado was the best in terms of town planning. 

The houses here were built on high terraces to protect them from floods and moisture. The houses of the rich had two storeys and five to seven rooms, while the houses of the lower classes had one storey and three rooms. The doors of the houses fell inside (in the alley) instead of falling on the main roads. The fort and the whole town around the elevated part. The surrounding wall was formed. 

Roads: The roads here were mostly 9.75 m wide, the major roads met at right angles. The roads were wide enough for many vehicles to pass at once.  Furthermore, it was designed in such a way that the wind blew away the debris.  The identical pits at a certain distance from the side of the road are presumed to be the pillars used for night lighting. In short, these roads can be said to be very convenient and modern.  Sewer planning: Sewer planning, which is not found anywhere else in the ancient culture of the world, was a prominent feature of Mohenjo-daro. 

The water from the houses flowed into the gutters below the road. From there a large stream flowed out of the city. Every house had a well. If a certain surface was filled with water to some extent, it would automatically flow from a small gutter to a large gutter. Gutter covers were also kept at some distance. This type of sewerage scheme is not found anywhere else except in the Mediterranean island of Kit. In view of this, respect for the concept of public health and well-being of the people does not go unnoticed.  

Public Baths: A huge bath has also been found in Mohenjo-daro. It is 54.80 meters long and 32.90 meters wide.  The intermediate nankund is 12.10 m long, 7 m wide and 2.42 m deep. SOL, There are changing rooms around the shower.  Public buildings: Two public buildings have been found in Mohenjo-daro. These buildings are believed to have been used as meeting halls, entertainment, rooms, administration or state barns. A row of 20 houses (mostly a soldier barracks) was also found here. 

The sculptures in Tetijka - architecture hence all these samples of town planning - are silent witnesses to the thousands of years old art of India.  Singing the praises of Indian art, this excellent heritage is giving unparalleled fame to Indian culture all over the world and will continue to do so in the future as well. Art of the Maurya period: In the Vedic period, there is no architecture except a small chotra at the time of Yajnayagadi, but during the Maurya period, stupas, monasteries and other types of religious architecture of Buddhism can be seen. ‘Soup’: Various relics of the body of Lord Buddha - hair, teeth, bones, ashes, etc. were placed in a basket and an oval masonry of stone or brick was made over it. 

 It is called "Ghee". There is historical evidence that about ten stupas were built before the Mauryan period.  From Piprawa village in Basti district of Uttar Pradesh and Loria village in Champaran district of Bihar. The stupas found in 1905 appear to be pre-Mauryan.

 Evidence of this art dates back to the time of the pious and amateur emperor Ashoka. This was the era of the wonderful Jahojalali of Buddhism and the development of sculptural architecture. Devni Mori, Boria Stupa and Itwa Soup are the three stupas found in Gujarat.