Saturday, August 21, 2021

Gandhar style is an elegant combination of Indian and Greek art

  Gandhar style is an elegant combination of Indian and Greek art

The original stupa of Sanchi, built in the Mauryan era, was actually half the size of the existing stupa of bricks and mortar. This is an invaluable heritage of Buddhist stupa architecture. Apart from this, the Dharmarajika Stupa of Sarnath, the soup found near Jaipur and the Stupa of Nandangarh near Loria are also famous. Harmika: The railing (fence) around the top of the oval part of the stupa is called 'Harmika', which covers the entire stupa.  Medhi: The high circular road formed around the stupa is called 'Medhi'.

 It is used for circumambulation around the stupa.  Pradakshina Path: A circular road of normal height built around a temple or place of worship is called 'Pradakshina Path'. As always - the jags stay on the right side of the holy place, that way the place is circumnavigated.  Toran: Toran is a beautiful architecture with two pillars erected straight in the shape of a stone or arch. Devotees can enter through the toran. The pillars were carved out of a single stone.  It has been rubbed and given such a nice gloss that it looks like it is made of shiny metal. Such pillars were erected near Ambala, Meerut, Allahabad, Sarnath, Loria, Nandangarh (Bihar), Sanchi (Central India), Kashi, Patna and Bodhi Gaya.

 The columns carved in Brahmi script are made of limestone or sandstone.  Sarnath's pillar is the finest specimen of sculpture. At the top of this column are four lions standing side by side. Is the figure. Since Sarnath is the place of Buddha's teachings (Dharmachakra Pravartan.

The four Dharmachakras are engraved around the lions. This 24-wheel Dharmachakra is also enshrined in the National Flag of India. Art of the Anumaurya era: During this time foreign powers like Greek, Saka, Kushan came to India, as well as Indian powers like Shrung, Kanava, Satavahana came into existence in the political arena.  In all of this, Emperor Kanishka, Pushyamitra Shringa, Greek King Minendra, Saka Kshatrap Rajvi Rudradaman, etc. made significant contributions to the development of various arts. These religions promoted art through the construction of temples and statues. The Gandhara style became famous due to the influence of foreigners (especially Greeks) on Indian art.